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{{редактирую|1=[[special:contributions/Dmitri Lytov|Dmitri Lytov]]|2=6 сентября 2009}}
{{distinguish|Аризонский университет}}
[[Файл:Arizona State University seal.png|thumb|right|Печать Университета штата Аризона]]
'''Arizona State University''' (also referred to as '''ASU''', or '''Arizona State''') is the largest [[public university|public]] [[research university]] in the [[United States]] under a single administration, with total student enrollment of 67,082 as of fall 2008. ASU is spread across [[Arizona State University#Campuses|four campuses]] in the [[Phoenix Metropolitan Area]].<ref name=oneuniversity>{{cite web |url=http://campus.asu.edu/ |title=ASU - One University in Many Places |publisher= Arizona State University |accessdate=2008-06-02 }}</ref>
 
ASU was founded in 1885 as the [[Normal School|Tempe Normal School]] for the [[Arizona Territory]] in [[Tempe, Arizona]]. In 1945, the school came under control of the [[Arizona Board of Regents]] and was renamed «Arizona State College.»<ref>[http://www.asu.edu/about/history/more.html History of ASU] Arizona State University</ref> In 1958, a statewide ballot measure renamed the school "Arizona State University, " making ASU the only institution of higher education to have achieved [[university]] status by popular mandate. From its [[Arizona State University at the Tempe campus|original campus in Tempe]], ASU expanded in 1984, establishing the [[Arizona State University at the West campus|West campus]] in northwest [[Phoenix, Arizona|Phoenix]], followed by the 1996 addition of the [[Arizona State University at the Polytechnic campus|Polytechnic campus]] in eastern [[Mesa, Arizona|Mesa]] and the 2006 addition of the [[Arizona State University at the Downtown Phoenix campus|Downtown Phoenix campus]]. All four campuses are accredited as a single university by the [[Higher Learning Commission]].<ref>[http://www.ncahlc.org/index.php?option=com_directory&Itemid=192&Action=ShowBasic&instid=1002 Accreditation status of Arizona State University] Higher Learning Commission</ref>
 
In the 2007—2008 academic year, 14,535 students graduated from ASU. In 2008, 168 [[National Merit Scholar]]s chose to attend ASU,<ref>[http://asunews.asu.edu/20080827_enrollment ASU Enrollment Press Release, Fall 2008] Arizona State University</ref> many of which are part of [[Barrett, The Honors College]], which has produced numerous grant and scholarship winners since its founding in 1988. Under the [[Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education]], ASU is classified as a «RU/VH» (research university with very high research activity).
 
== History ==
[[Файл:ASU Old Main.jpg|thumb|250px|right|[[Old Main (Arizona State University)|Old Main]]]]
{{Main|History of Arizona State University}}
Originally named the [[Tempe Normal School]], the institution was founded on [[March 12]], [[1885]] after John Samuel Armstrong first introduced House Bill 164, "An Act to Establish a [[Normal school]] in the [[Territory of Arizona]] to the [[13th Arizona Territorial Legislature|13th Legislative Assembly]] of the [[Arizona Territory]]. Instruction was instituted on [[February 8]], [[1886]] under the supervision of Principal Hiram Bradford Farmer. Land for the school was donated by [[Tempe, Arizona|Tempe]] residents George and Martha Wilson, allowing 33 students to meet in a single room.<ref>[http://www.asu.edu/about/history/more.html More ASU History<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
 
=== Early years ===
At the beginning of the 20th century, the school’s name was changed from [[Tempe Normal School]] to the Normal School of Arizona. Before becoming a college, the [[Normal School]] enrolled high school students with no other secondary education facilities.
 
Under the 30 year tenure of president Arthur John Matthews the school was given all-college student status. The first dormitories built in the state were constructed under his supervision. Of the 18 buildings constructed while Matthews was president, six are still currently in use. Matthews envisioned an «evergreen campus, „ with many shrubbery brought to the campus. He also implemented the planting of [[Palm Walk]], now one of the feature landmarks of the school. His legacy is being continued to this day with the main campus having the honor of being decleared a nationally recognized arboretum.<ref>[http://www.asu.edu/fm/arboretum.htm The Arboretum at Arizona State University<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
During the [[Great Depression]], Ralph W. Swetman was hired as president for a three-year term.<ref>[http://www.asu.edu/lib/archives/preslist.htm Archives & Special Collections, Principals and Presidents of Arizona State University]</ref> Although enrollment increased by almost 100 % during his tenure due to the depression, many faculty were terminated and faculty salaries were cut.<ref>“[http://www.asu.edu/lib/archives/asustory/pages/11lead.htm Eighth President Ralph Waldo Swetman 1930—1933]»</ref>
[[Файл:FLW Gammage Auditorium ASU PHX AZ 20186.JPG|thumb|250px|right|[[Gammage Auditorium]], which was placed on the [[National Register of Historic Places]] in 1985]]
 
=== Gammage years ===
In 1933, [[Grady Gammage]], then president of Arizona State Teachers College at [[Flagstaff, Arizona|Flagstaff]], became president of Arizona State Teachers College at Tempe, a tenure that would last for nearly 28 years.
 
Like his predecessor, Dr. Gammage oversaw the construction of a number of buildings on the Tempe campus. Dr. Gammage oversaw the development of the university, graduate programs, and the renaming of the Arizona State College to Arizona State University in 1958.
 
=== Years of growth and stature ===
[[Файл:Asuwucb.JPG|thumb|250px|right|University Center, West Campus]]
During the 1960s, with the presidency of Dr. [[G. Homer Durham]], Arizona State University began to expand its academic curriculum by establishing several new colleges and beginning to award [[Doctor of Philosophy]] and other doctoral degrees.<ref>[http://www.asu.edu/lib/archives/asustory/pages/16lead.htm ASU Libraries: The New ASU Story: Leadership<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
 
The next three presidents—Harry K. Newburn, 1969-71, John W. Schwada, 1971-81, and J. Russell Nelson, 1981-89—and Interim President Richard Peck, 1989, led the university to increased academic stature, creation of the [[Arizona State University at the West campus|West Campus]], and rising enrollment.
 
Under the leadership of Dr. Lattie F. Coor, from 1990 to June 2002, ASU grew to serve the Valley of the Sun through the creation of the [[Arizona State University at the Polytechnic campus|Polytechnic campus]] and extended education sites. His commitment to diversity, quality in [[undergraduate education]], research, and economic development underscored the university’s significant gains in each of these areas over his 12-year tenure. Part of Dr. Coor’s legacy to the university was a successful fund-raising campaign. Through private donations, primarily from the local community, more than $500 million was invested in targeted areas that significantly impact the future of ASU. Among the campaign’s achievements were the naming and endowing of the [[Barrett, The Honors College|Barrett Honors College]], the [[Herberger College of the Arts|Katherine K. Herberger College of Fine Arts]], and the Morrison School of Agribusiness and Resource Management at the Polytechnic campus; the creation of many new endowed faculty positions; and hundreds of new scholarships and fellowships.<ref>[http://www.asu.edu/lib/archives/asustory/pages/21lead.htm ASU Libraries: The New ASU Story: Leadership<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
 
=== The Crow Era ===
[[Файл:Asubiodesign.jpg|thumb|250px|right|The Biodesign Institute is the result of a major capital campaign designed to increase ASU’s involvement in biotechnology.]]
On July 1, 2002, [[Michael Crow]] would become the university’s 16th president. At his inauguration, President Crow outlined his vision for transforming ASU into a [[New American University]]—one that would be open and inclusive. As the only [[research university]] serving the metropolitan Phoenix area, Crow has stated that ASU is in a unique position to evolve together with the city into one of the great intellectual institutions in the world.
 
Under Crow’s leadership, and aided by hundreds of millions of dollars in donations, ASU has embarked on its most aggressive capital building effort in more than a decade. The university is adding one million square feet of world-class research infrastructure, and is continuing its development and expansion of the West, Polytechnic and Downtown campuses. <ref>[http://www.azcentral.com/specials/special48/articles/1214crow1216-ON.html Viewpoints: ASU’s Michael Crow first 5 years]</ref>
 
== Campuses ==
{{quote|"A unique aspect of ASU is that we are 'one university in many places,' not a system with separate campuses, and not one main campus with branch campuses"<ref>[http://campus.asu.edu One University in Many Places] Arizona State University</ref>}}
 
Arizona State University comprises four campuses: the [[Arizona State University at the Tempe campus|Tempe campus]], which is the original and largest campus, the [[Arizona State University at the West campus|West campus]] in northwest [[Phoenix, Arizona|Phoenix]], the [[Arizona State University at the Polytechnic campus|Polytechnic campus]] located in eastern Mesa, and the [[Arizona State University at the Downtown Phoenix campus|Downtown Phoenix campus]] in [[downtown Phoenix]].<ref>[http://www.asu.edu/campuses/ ASU Campuses<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Although there is some redundancy in undergraduate academic offerings across the campuses, each campus was designed to host a unique set of colleges and departments.<ref name = "xvjbbz">[http://www.asu.edu/provost/about/oneuniversity.html One University in Many Places] Explanation of the ASU campus organization</ref> In addition to the physical campuses, ASU includes a fifth «virtual campus» for [[online education|online]] and extended education. All campuses offer both [[undergraduate]] and [[graduate school|graduate]] programs.
 
Unlike a [[university system]], the ASU campuses are all part of a single university, with a common administration presiding over the faculty, staff, and students.<ref name = "xvjbbz"/> The campuses do not have separate admissions, and students receive the same diplomas regardless of which campus they primarily attended. In addition, an estimated 13,269 students are enrolled in classes on more than one campus,<ref>[http://uoia.asu.edu/files/ensmry/Enrollment_Summary_Fall_2008.pdf Fall 2008 Enrollment Summary, ASU] The estimate of 13,269 comes from subtracting the unduplicated university-wide enrollment (67,082) from the total of the campus headcounts (80,351).</ref> making campus-based enrollment counts difficult to ascertain.
 
=== Tempe campus ===
{{Main|Arizona State University at the Tempe campus}}
[[Файл:Asuhayden.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Underground entrance of Charles Trumbull Hayden Library- Tempe campus.]]
ASU’s Tempe campus lies in the heart of [[Tempe, Arizona]], about eight miles (13&nbsp;km) east of downtown Phoenix. The campus is considered urban, and is approximately {{convert|642|acre|km2|1}} in size. ASU’s Tempe campus is arranged around broad pedestrian malls and is completely encompassed by an arboretum.<ref>[http://www.asu.edu/asuwebrw/entrance/tempe/ ASU’s Tempe campus]</ref><ref>[http://www.azarboretum.org/ Arizona Arboretums And Botanical Gardens]</ref> The Tempe campus is also the largest of ASU’s campuses, with 52,734{{Cref|a}} students enrolled in its programs.<ref>http://uoia.asu.edu/files/quickfacts/Quick_Facts_Fall_2007.pdf</ref>
 
The Tempe campus is ASU’s original campus, and [[Old Main (Arizona State University)|Old Main]], the first building constructed, still stands today. There are many notable landmarks on campus, including [[Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium]], designed by [[Frank Lloyd Wright]], Palm Walk, which is lined by 111 palm trees,<ref>[http://www.vpsa.asu.edu/UGA/360/campus.asp?campusid=1 Arizona State University: Virtual Tour]</ref> Charles Trumbull Hayden Library, the University Club Building, and University Bridge. In addition, the campus has an extensive public art collection, considered one of the ten best among university public art collections in America according to ''Public Art Review''.<ref name="PAR">{{cite journal|date=Spring/Summer 2006|title=Big Ten|journal=Public Art Review|volume=17|issue=2|pages=24–5|issn=1040-211X}}</ref> Against the northwest edge of campus is the Mill Avenue district (part of [[Tempe, Arizona|downtown Tempe]]) which has a college atmosphere that attracts many students to its restaurants and bars. ASU’s Tempe Campus is also home to all of the university’s athletic facilities.
 
=== West campus ===
[[Файл:Asuwmain.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Robert L. Fletcher Library in background- West campus]]
{{Main|Arizona State University at the West campus}}
The West campus was established in 1984 by the Arizona Legislature and sits on {{convert|250|acre|km2}} in a suburban area of northwest Phoenix, bordering the city of [[Glendale, Arizona]]. The West campus lies about {{convert|12|mi|km}} northwest of downtown Phoenix, and about {{convert|18|mi|km}} northwest of the Tempe campus. The programs on the west campus currently enroll more than 9,500{{Cref|a}} undergraduate and graduate students.
 
The West campus primarily consists of five large academic buildings arranged around a [[quadrangle (architecture)|quad]], with several smaller satellite buildings housing auxiliary and administrative offices. The campus is currently scheduled for the addition of a student union and a second building in which to house faculty and administrative offices.<ref>[www.asu.edu/fm/documents/2008CIPFinal.pdf 2010—2012 Capital Improvement Plan] Arizona State University</ref> In 2008, the West campus was designated as a [[Phoenix Points of Pride|Phoenix Point of Pride]],<ref name="Point of Pride">[http://phoenix.gov/NEWSREL/ARCHIVE/2008/MARCH/2803newpride.html 2008 Phoenix Points of Pride]</ref> and in 2009, construction began on a large [[solar array]] that will power nearly the entire campus with [[solar power]].<ref>[http://asunews.asu.edu/20090429_solarproject ASU News] West campus Solarization Project</ref>
 
=== Polytechnic campus ===
{{Main|Arizona State University at the Polytechnic campus}}
 
Founded originally as ASU East, the Polytechnic campus opened in fall 1996 on the former [[Williams Air Force Base]] in eastern [[Mesa, Arizona]]. The campus opened with nearly 1,000 students enrolled in one of the eight degrees offered. The small campus started with the School of Technology and the School of Management and Agribusiness. Today, 9,614{{Cref|a}} students are enrolled in over 40 degree programs on the campus.
 
The ASU Polytechnic campus shares its {{convert|700|acre|km2}} of land with [[Chandler-Gilbert Community College]], [[Mesa Community College]], a [[United States Air Force]] research laboratory, a [[Veteran's Administration]] Clinic and the Silvestre Herrera [[United States Army Reserve|Army Reserve]] Center.
 
=== Downtown Phoenix campus ===
[[Файл:ASUDowntown1.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Walter Cronkite School of Journalism Building — Downtown Phoenix campus]]
{{Main|Arizona State University at the Downtown Phoenix campus}}
The newest of ASU’s four campuses, the Downtown Phoenix campus was established in 2006 on the north side of [[Downtown Phoenix]].<ref>http://www.asu.edu/downtownphoenix/academics/colleges-schools.html</ref> The campus has an [[urban design]], with several large modern academic buildings intermingled with commercial and retail office buildings. In addition to the new buildings, the campus included the [[adaptive reuse]] of several existing structures, including a 1930’s era Post Office that is on the [[National Register of Historic Places]].
 
Initially, the campus housed the colleges of Nursing and Public Programs. In 2008, The [[Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication]] moved to the campus, followed by the Public Television station [[KAET]] in 2009. As of the fall 2008 semester, 8,431{{Cref|a}} students were enrolled at this campus.
 
=== Online and Extended Education ===
This «virtual» campus is responsible for all of ASU’s web-based and off-campus-classroom-based academic programs and is headquartered at [[Skysong, the ASU Scottsdale Innovation Center]]. Currently, ASU Online offers twelve undergraduate and twenty-one graduate degree programs in disciplines such as business, engineering, education, nursing and the humanities. The degree programs delivered online hold the same accreditation as the university’s traditional face-to-face programs. As of spring 2009 more than 1,300 students were enrolled in online degree programs at ASU.<ref>http://asunews.asu.edu/20090615_regierharrison</ref>
 
== Academics ==
{{expand-section}}
 
=== Admissions ===
To ensure college access to all Arizona residents, the three public Arizona universities have relatively liberal admission standards, ensuring admission to anyone in the top 50 % of their high-school class, or anyone with 24 credits of community college work with a 2.0GPA.<ref>[http://www.abor.asu.edu/3_for_students/admin_stds.html Tri-University Admission Standards] Arizona Board of Regents</ref> As of Fall, 2008, the average high school GPA of incoming freshmen was 3.41, and the average SAT/ACT scores were 1082 and 23.5, respectively.<ref>[http://uoia.asu.edu/files/quickfacts/Quick_Facts_Fall_2008.pdf Quick Facts Fall 2008] Arizona State University</ref>
 
However, [[Barrett, The Honors College]] serves as a virtual university-within-a-university and maintains strict admissions standards and provides a more rigorous curriculum with smaller classes and increased faculty interaction.<ref>[http://honors.asu.edu/w-About_Barrett-170.aspx Barrett, The Honors College — Arizona State University]</ref> Although there are no set minimum admissions criteria for Barrett College, the average GPA of incoming freshmen was 3.86, with average SAT scores of 1320 and ACT scores of 29.<ref>[http://honors.asu.edu/w-How_to_Apply-220.aspx Barrett Honors College Admissions FAQ]</ref> The Honors college enrolls nearly 3000 undergraduate students, 539 of whom are [[National Merit Scholars]].<ref>[http://honors.asu.edu/w-Facts___Figures-30.aspx Barrett Honors College Enrollment Summary]</ref>
 
=== Academic programs ===
{{main|List of colleges and schools of Arizona State University}}
ASU offers over 250 majors to undergraduate students, and more than 100 graduate programs leading to [[Masters degree|masters]] and [[doctorate|doctoral]] degrees. These programs are divided into 17 colleges and schools which are spread across ASU’s four campuses. The largest college is the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, which houses two dozen programs and departments.
 
Degrees awarded include the [[Bachelor of Arts|B.A.]], [[Bachelor of Science|B.S.]], [[Bachelor of Science in Engineering|B.S.E.]],[[Bachelor of Science in Nursing|B.S.N.]],[[Bachelor of Interdisciplinary Studies|B.I.S.]], [[Bachelor of Applied Science|B.A.S.]], [[Master of Arts (postgraduate)|M.A.]], [[Master of Science|M.S.]], [[Master of Fine Arts|M.F.A.]], [[Master of Business Administration|M.B.A.]],[[Master of Science in Nursing|M.S.N.]],[[Master of Laws|L.L.M.]], [[Master of Music|M.M.]], [[Master of Engineering|M.Eng.]], [[Ph.D.]], [[Juris Doctor|J.D.]], [[Ed.D.]], [[D.M.A.]], and D.S.N.
 
=== Reputation and ranking ===
{{Infobox US university ranking
| ARWU_W = 93
| ARWU_N = 56
| USNWR_NU = 121
| USNWR_Bus = 29
| USNWR_Law = 55
| USNWR_Eng = 45
| USNWR_Ed = 24
| THES_W = NR
| Wamo_NU = 113
}}
ASU is ranked 121st of 262 «national universities» by the 2010 ''[[US News and World Report]]'' ranking of US colleges and universities (58th among public universities); and, for the second year in a row, ASU was ranked as one of the top five «Up and Coming» universities in the US, for substantial improvements to academics and facilities.<ref>[http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/college/national-uc-rank Up and Coming Universities 2009] [[US News and World Report]]</ref> In addition, ASU is ranked 93rd in the world by the [[Academic Ranking of World Universities]], is included in the [[Fiske Guide to Colleges]], and was named as one of «America’s Best College Buys» by [[Forbes magazine]].<ref>[http://www.forbes.com/2009/08/02/best-buys-colleges-opinions-value.html Best Buys] Forbes Magazine College Rankings 2010</ref>
 
For its efforts to be a national leader in campus sustainability, ASU was named one of the top 20 «cool schools» by the [[Sierra Club]],<ref>[http://www.sierraclub.org/sierra/200909/coolschools/top20.aspx Top 20 Cool Schools]</ref> was named to the «Green Honor Roll» by the [[Princeton Review]],<ref>[http://www.princetonreview.com/green-honor-roll.aspx Green Honor Roll] Princeton Review 2009</ref> and earned a «B+» grade on the 2009 College Sustainability Report Card (earning an «A» in all categories pertaining to campus operations).<ref>http://www.greenreportcard.org/report-card-2009/schools/arizona-state-university-tempe</ref>
 
Ranked graduate programs include the following:
* The [[W. P. Carey School of Business]] MBA program was ranked 29th and the undergraduate business program ranked 25th. Many of the individual programs rank in the top 25 nationwide, including the 4th ranked program in [[Supply Chain Management]] and the 12th ranked program in [[Information Systems]].
* The [[Mary Lou Fulton College of Education]] was ranked 24th in the nation in 2009.<ref>[http://grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-graduate-schools/top-education-schools/rankings 2009 Education Rankings] US News and World Report Best Graduate Schools</ref> Its program in [[counseling psychology]] was ranked 12th in the nation, and its Education Policy Studies doctoral program was ranked 15th. Six out of nine of the College’s specialty programs were ranked in the top 20.{{Citation needed|date=July 2009}}
* The [[Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering]], was ranked 41st and the graduate program ranked 47th. Many of the individual programs within the college rank in the top tier of over 300 nationwide programs, including five graduate programs ranked in the top 30 by U.S. News and World Report.<ref>[http://www.fulton.asu.edu/fulton/school/index.php Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering at Arizona State University<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
* The [[Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law]] is ranked 55th out of 197 ABA-approved law schools by US News in 2009.<ref>[http://grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-graduate-schools/top-law-schools/rankings/page+3 US News and World Report 2009 Law School Rankings]</ref> The Academic [[Educational Quality Rankings]]<ref>[http://www.leiterrankings.com/ Welcome to Brian Leiter’s Law School Rankings]</ref> identifies the college of law as having one of the top 30 law faculties in the nation «based on a standard 'objective' measure of scholarly impact»<ref>[http://www.leiterrankings.com/faculty/2005faculty_impact_cites.shtml Brian Leiter Faculty Quality Based on Scholarly Impact, 2005]</ref> and ranks the college of law as a top 40 law school based on overall academic reputation.
* The [[ASU School of Public Affairs]] Master of Public Administration program was ranked 26th overall in the nation (out of 250+ schools).{{Citation needed|date=July 2009}}
* The [[College of Design (Arizona State University)|College of Design]] is reputedly rigorous and highly ranked.<ref>[http://design.asu.edu/news/news2005.shtml College of Design News 2005: ASU]</ref> The Interior Design program was ranked 2nd and the Architecture Master’s Degree ranked 10th in the 2005 edition of [http://www.di.net/archschools/schools.html «America’s Best Architecture and Design Schools»], published annually by [http://www.di.net ''DesignIntelligence''.]
* The [[Arizona State University at the Downtown Phoenix campus#School of Criminology and Criminal Justice|School of Criminology and Criminal Justice]] is ranked #12 in the nation by US News & World Report.<ref>[http://grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/grad/crm/search 2008 Graduate Criminology Rankings] US News and World Report</ref>
* The [[Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication]] is consistently ranked in the annual Top Ten Hearst Intercollegiate Journalism Competition, often called the «Pulitzers of college journalism.»
* The [[Earth Science]] program in the School of Earth and Space Exploration was ranked 31st out of 105 programs.<ref>[http://grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-graduate-schools/top-earth-sciences-schools/rankings/page+2 Earth Science Rankings] US News and World Report</ref>
* The [[Ph.D.]] program in [[psychology]] was ranked #36 out of 240 graduate programs as of 2009.<ref>[http://grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-graduate-schools/top-psychology-schools/rankings/page+2 Psychology Graduate Program Rankings] U.S. News and World Report Best Graduate Schools 2009</ref>
 
In addition, ASU maintains several programs that are ranked among the top ten nationally according to the [[Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index]]: Ecology & Evolution, [[Accountancy]], [[Marketing]], Curriculum & Instruction, Educational Leadership, [[Industrial Engineering]], [[Interdisciplinary Studies]], [[Speech & Hearing Science]], [[Spanish language|Spanish]], [[Physical Anthropology]], [[Clinical Psychology]], [[Counseling Psychology]], [[Developmental Psychology]], [[Educational Psychology]], [[Justice Studies]], [[Political Science]], and [[Social psychology (psychology)|Social Psychology]].<ref>[http://www.academicanalytics.com/TopSchools/TopPrograms.aspx#11 Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index] Rankings of top programs</ref>
 
=== International programs ===
ASU is currently collaborating with several world class institutions in several countries such as [[People's Republic of China|China]], [[Switzerland]] and [[Mexico]]. In Mexico, ASU collaborates with [[Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México]] (ITAM) in the ITAM/W.P. Carey School of Business Executive MBA Program. In Switzerland, ASU collaborates with [[HEC Lausanne]], the affiliated business school of the University of Lausanne.
 
== Fundraising and endowment ==
Created in 1955, the ASU Foundation is one of Arizona’s oldest [[501 (c)(3)]] organizations. It raises, invests and manages private resources for Arizona State University. The foundation coordinates and directs major fundraising campaigns on behalf of ASU and its colleges and schools, and partners with the university to provide complementary support for entrepreneurial activities in technology transfer and real estate investment.
 
In fiscal 2007—2008, the university received private cash gifts of more than $120 million — only the third time in history that private support for the university has topped the $100 million mark. This gift total included six outright gifts of $1 million or more. In addition, there were five gift pledges of between $5 and $20 million each to ASU for strategic initiatives.
 
The ASU endowment has doubled in size over the past four years. During fiscal year 2008, the endowment increased by $29 million in gifts to new endowed funds or existing endowments reaching a total value of $493 million on June 30, 2008. The average annual return on endowment investments for the past three years was 11.2 percent, outperforming both the benchmark and the [[S&P 500|Standard & Poor’s 500]] Index for this period. In addition, the total assets managed by the foundation, which includes non-endowment assets, increased by $41 million, capping a six-year, $578 million growth.
 
== Athletics ==
{{Main|Arizona State Sun Devils}}
[[Файл:Sparky.png|thumb|right|Sparky the Sun Devil]]
Arizona State University’s [[NCAA Division I|Division I]] athletic teams are called the [[Arizona State Sun Devils|Sun Devils]], which is also the nickname used to refer to students and alumni of the university. They compete in the [[Pacific-10 Conference|Pac-10 Conference]] in 20 varsity sports. Historically, the university has shown great athletic dominance in men’s, women’s, and mixed [[archery]]; men’s, women’s, and mixed [[badminton]]; women’s [[golf]]; women’s [[swimming (sport)|swimming]] and [[diving]]; and [[baseball]]. In 1987, the football team won the [[Rose Bowl (game)|Rose Bowl]], and they have been to the [[Fiesta Bowl]] five times.
 
Arizona State University’s [[NCAA Division I-A]] program competes in 9 varsity sports for men and 11 for women. The Sun Devil mascot is a devil named [[Sparky (Arizona State Mascot)|Sparky]]. The university is a member of the [[Pacific-10 Conference]] in all varsity sports. ASU’s current athletic director is Lisa Love, who was the former athletic administrator at [[University of Southern California|USC]] and in her tenure is responsible for hiring new coaches [[Herb Sendek]], the men’s basketball coach, and [[Dennis Erickson]], the men’s football coach.
 
ASU won national championships in men’s archery 15 times, women’s archery 21 times, mixed archery 20 times, men’s badminton 13 times, women’s badminton 17 times, mixed badminton 10 times, baseball 5 times, women’s tennis 3 times, men’s gymnastics once, men’s track and field once, women’s indoor track and field twice, men’s indoor track and field once, wrestling once, men’s golf twice, women’s golf 13 times, women’s softball three times, and women’s swimming and diving 7 times, for a total of 136 national championships.
 
=== Football ===
{{Main|Arizona State Sun Devils football}}
The Arizona State Sun Devils football team was founded in 1897 under coach [[Fred Irish]].<ref>[http://thesundevils.cstv.com/sports/m-footbl/archive/history/asu-m-footbl-headcoaches.html History :: The Arizona State University Sun Devils — Official Athletic Site<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Currently, the team has played in the 2007 [[Holiday Bowl]], 1997 [[Rose Bowl Game|Rose Bowl]] and also won the Rose Bowl in 1987 as well as the [[Fiesta Bowl]] in 1982, 1975, 1973, 1972, and 1971. In 1970 they were co-champions of the [[NCAA Division I FBS National Football Championship]].
 
== Student activities ==
[[Файл:asupalms.jpg|thumb|left|150px|Palm Walk- Tempe Campus]]
'''ArizonaУниверситет Stateштата UniversityАризона''', (also{{lang-en|Arizona referredState toUniversity}} as(также: '''ASU''', orили '''Arizona State''') is the largest [[public university|public]] [[research university]] in the [[United States]] under a single administration, with total student enrollment of 67,082 as of fall 2008. ASU is spread across [[Arizona State University#Campuses|four campuses]] in the [[Phoenix Metropolitan Area]].<ref name=oneuniversity>{{cite web |url=http://campus.asu.edu/ |title=ASU - One University in Many Places |publisher= Arizona State University |accessdate=2008-06-02 }}</ref>
 
ASU was founded in 1885 as the [[Normal School|Tempe Normal School]] for the [[Arizona Territory]] in [[Tempe, Arizona]]. In 1945, the school came under control of the [[Arizona Board of Regents]] and was renamed «Arizona State College.»<ref>[http://www.asu.edu/about/history/more.html History of ASU] Arizona State University</ref> In 1958, a statewide ballot measure renamed the school "Arizona State University, " making ASU the only institution of higher education to have achieved [[university]] status by popular mandate. From its [[Arizona State University at the Tempe campus|original campus in Tempe]], ASU expanded in 1984, establishing the [[Arizona State University at the West campus|West campus]] in northwest [[Phoenix, Arizona|Phoenix]], followed by the 1996 addition of the [[Arizona State University at the Polytechnic campus|Polytechnic campus]] in eastern [[Mesa, Arizona|Mesa]] and the 2006 addition of the [[Arizona State University at the Downtown Phoenix campus|Downtown Phoenix campus]]. All four campuses are accredited as a single university by the [[Higher Learning Commission]].<ref>[http://www.ncahlc.org/index.php?option=com_directory&Itemid=192&Action=ShowBasic&instid=1002 Accreditation status of Arizona State University] Higher Learning Commission</ref>
=== Extracurricular programs ===
Arizona State University has an active [[extracurricular]] involvement program (Sun Devil Involvement Center) with over 600 registered clubs and organizations on campus.<ref>[http://www.asu.edu/studentaffairs/mu/clubs/ Memorial Union — Student Organizations<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Located on the 3rd floor of the [[Memorial Union (Arizona State)|Memorial Union]], the Sun Devil Involvement Center (SDIC) provides opportunities for student involvement through clubs, [[sororities]], [[fraternities]], [[community service]], leadership, [[student government]], and [[Co-curricular activity|co-curricular]] programming.
 
In the 2007—2008 academic year, 14,535 students graduated from ASU. In 2008, 168 [[National Merit Scholar]]s chose to attend ASU,<ref>[http://asunews.asu.edu/20080827_enrollment ASU Enrollment Press Release, Fall 2008] Arizona State University</ref> many of which are part of [[Barrett, The Honors College]], which has produced numerous grant and scholarship winners since its founding in 1988. Under the [[Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education]], ASU is classified as a «RU/VH» (research university with very high research activity).
«ASU Cares» is the largest community service project sponsored by the university. It is an annual event that allows students to give back some time by helping residents and communities clean up, rebuild, and/or serve each other. Faculty, staff, alumni, members of the community and their families and guests are also invited to be part of this large ASU effort to help residents of the various communities surrounding the metropolitan area.<ref>[https://asucares.asu.edu/ ASU Cares<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
 
== Примечания ==
From 1958<ref>
{{Citation
| title = Sahuaro Yearbook
| place = Phoenix
| publisher = Arizona State University
| year = 1960
| page = 140
| url = http://www.e-yearbook.com/yearbooks/Arizona_State_University_Sun_Devil_Yearbook/1960/Page_140.html
| accessdate = [[2008-12-19]]: "The Off-Campus Women of Arizona State received their charter as Eta Chapter of Phrateres on March 9, 1958."}}
</ref> until the 1990s, Arizona State University was home to the Eta chapter of [[Phrateres]], a philanthropic-social organization for female college students. Eta was the second chapter to use that name (after the defunct [[Colorado State]] chapter<ref>
{{Citation
| title = Silver Spruce Yearbook
| place = Fort Collins
| publisher = Colorado A&M College
| year = 1940
| page = 176
| url = http://www.e-yearbook.com/yearbooks/Colorado_State_University_Silver_Spruce_Yearbook/1940/Page_176.html
| accessdate = [[2008-12-19]]: "The Eta chapter was established on the Colorado State campus in 1932."}}</ref>) and the 18th overall. Phrateres eventually had over 20 chapters in [[Canada]] and the [[United States]], including the Lambda chapter at the [[University of Arizona]] which closed in 2000.<ref>
{{Citation
| title = International Service Club Disbands Due to Lack of Leadership
| newspaper = [http://wildcat.arizona.edu/ The Arizona Daily Wildcat]
| date = [[2000-09-27]]
| url = http://wc.arizona.edu/papers/94/27/01_6_m.html}}</ref>
 
[[Файл:A-Mountain Sunset.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Hayden Butte, also known as 'A' Mountain- Tempe Campus]]
The Freshman Year Experience (FYE) and the [[Fraternities and sororities|Greek]] community (Greek Life) at Arizona State University have been important in binding students to the university, and providing social outlets. The Freshman Year Experience at Arizona State University was developed to improve the freshman experience at Arizona State University and increase student retention figures. FYE provides advising, computer labs, free walk-in tutoring, workshops, and classes for students. In 2003, ''[[U.S. News and World Report]]'' ranked FYE as the 23rd best first year program in the nation.
 
The [[Emergency ASU Student Emergency Medical Services|ASU Student Emergency Medical Services (SEMS)]], a student-run organization, is the [[Emergency Medical Services|ambulance company]] dedicated to serving the ASU campus community.
 
=== Student media ===
ASU Student Media includes ''The [[State Press]]'' (student newspaper), the Web Devil (online news site) and [[Sun Devil Television]] (television station broadcast on campus and in student residence halls). The State Press is a daily paper published on Monday through Friday during the fall and spring semesters, and weekly during the summer sessions.<ref>[http://www.statepress.com/ ASU Web Devil — Monday, March 24, 2008<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Student editors and managers are solely responsible for the content of all Student Media products. They are overseen by an independent board and guided by a professional adviser employed by the University.
 
During the fall and spring semesters 13,500 copies of the State Press are printed each week day. More than 96 % of ASU students on all four campuses read The State Press at least once per week, and 65 % read it every day or most days. There are an average of 2.5 readers per each copy of the State Press, resulting in more than 45,000 readers across all four campuses. In addition, the State Press Magazine, a weekly arts and culture publication, comes out on Wednesdays. The Web Devil, the online arm of the State Press, publishes the paper’s daily content online, as well as independent news and editorial content.
 
The campus has two radio stations. [[KASC]] The Blaze 1260 AM, is a broadcast station and is not an official part of Student Media — it is owned and funded by the Cronkite School — but is completely student-run save for a faculty and professional adviser. The Blaze broadcasts local, alternative and independent music 24 hours a day, and also features news and sports updates at the top and bottom of every hour.<ref>[http://www.theblaze1260.com/ kasc — the blaze 1260 am — asu’s original alternative<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> [[W7ASU]] is an [[amateur radio]] station that was first organized in 1935. W7ASU has about 30 members that enjoy amateur radio, and is primarily a [[contesting]] club. <ref>[http://www.asu.edu/clubs/amateur_radio_society/ W7ASU — Amateur Radio Society at Arizona State University]</ref>
 
=== Student government ===
Associated Students of Arizona State University (ASASU) is the [[student government]] at Arizona State University’s campus at [[Tempe, Arizona]].<ref>[http://asasu.net ASASU Website]</ref> It is composed of the Undergraduate Student Government & the [[Graduate & Professional Student Association (GPSA)]]. Members and officers of the ASASU are elected annually by the student body.
 
The [[Residence Hall Association]] (RHA) of Arizona State University-Tempe is the student government for every ASU student living on-campus. The purpose of RHA is to enhance the quality of residence hall life and provide a cohesive voice for the residents by addressing the concerns of the on-campus populations to university administrators and other campus organizations; providing cultural, diversity, educational, and social programming; establishing and working with individual hall councils. In 2008, the RHA of ASU-Tempe was voted «Best School of the Year» out of over 400 higher education institutions.{{Citation needed|date=September 2008}}
 
=== Residence halls ===
* [[Arizona State University at the Tempe campus#Residence halls|Tempe Campus]]
* [[Arizona State University at the West campus#Residence Halls|West Campus]]
* [[Arizona State University at the Polytechnic campus#Residence Halls|Polytechnic Campus]]
* [[Arizona State University at the Downtown Phoenix campus#Residence Halls|Downtown Campus]]
 
== Notable people and places ==
 
=== Alumni and former students ===
{{Main|List of Arizona State University alumni}}
 
=== Faculty and staff ===
{{seealso|Category:Arizona State University faculty}}
* [[Luc Anselin]] — Director and Foundation Professor, School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning
* [[Chuck Backus]] — Former University Vice President and Provost
* [[Aaron Brown]] — Former host of [[CNN]]'s [[NewsNight with Aaron Brown]], currently serving as an instructor at the Cronkite School.
* [[David Berliner]] — Professor, Fulton College of Education
* [[Elizabeth D. "Betty" Capaldi]] — Executive Vice President and Provost of the University, professor of psychology, co-director of the [[Center for Measuring University Performance]]
* [[Phil Christensen]] — [[Regents Professor|Regents' Professor]]; Principal Investigator of [[Thermal Emission Spectrometer|TES]] and [[THEMIS]]; co-investigator / co-designer, [[Mars Exploration Rover]]s
* [[Robert Cialdini|Robert B. Cialdini]] — [[Regents Professor|Regents' Professor]] of Social Psychology; Author, [[Influence Science and Practice]]
* [[John M. Cowley]] — [[Regents Professor|Regents' Professor]] of Physics.
* [[Paul Davies]] — Professor. Director of BEYOND: Center for Fundamental Concepts in Science.
* [[Gene V. Glass]] — [[Regents Professor|Regents' Professor]]; Statistician and developer of [[Meta-analysis]]
* [[John W. Fowler]] — Professor of [[Industrial Engineering]] and a pioneer of applying [[operations research]] in [[semiconductor manufacturing]].
* [[David Hickman (musician)|David Hickman]] — [[Regents Professor|Regents' Professor]] of Music; American trumpet soloist
* [[Bert Hölldobler]] — Foundation Professor, School of Life Sciences; co-winner of the [[Pulitzer Prize]] for ''[[The Ants]]'' (1991) with [[Edward O. Wilson]].
* [[Donald Johanson]] — Director, Institute of Human Origins; discovered 3.18 million year old fossil hominid [[Lucy (Australopithecus)]] in Ethiopia
* [[Craig W. Kirkwood]] — Professor and Department Chair, Department of [[Supply Chain Management]]; Pioneer in [[Decision Analysis]].
* [[Mark Klett]] — [[Regents Professor|Regents' Professor]] of Photography
* [[Lawrence M. Krauss]] — Professor of Physics, and author of [[The Physics of Star Trek]].
* [[Merlyna Lim]] — Professor of [[Social informatics|Information and Communication Studies]] at the School of [[Social Transformation]], [[Justice]] & [[Social Inquiry]] Program and the [[Consortium for Science, Policy and Outcomes]]
* [[Douglas C. Montgomery]] — [[Regents Professor|Regents' Professor]] and ASU Foundation Professor of [[Industrial Engineering]].
* [[D.J.Pinkava]] — [[Professor Emeritus]] of Botany
* [[George Poste]] — Chief Scientist, [[Complex Adaptive Systems Initiative]]
* [[Edward C. Prescott]] — [[Regents Professor|Regents' Professor]], [[W.P. Carey School of Business]]; awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Economics
* [[Alberto Rios]] — [[Regents Professor|Regents' Professor]], Katharine C. Turner Endowed Chair, Department of English
* [[Dan L. Shunk]] — [[Avnet]] Endowed Chair and Professor of [[Industrial Engineering]] and Director of the TechMBA program in the [[W.P. Carey School of Business]]. Co-founder of the [[United States Air Force]] [[Integrated Computer-Aided Manufacturing]] (ICAM) program and a pioneer of [[IDEF]] methods.
* [[Billie Lee Turner]] — Gilbert F White Chair, Geography.
 
=== Points of interest ===
{{col-begin}}
{{col-break}}
* [[Arboretum at Arizona State University]]
* [[Arizona State University Sun Devil Marching Band|Sun Devil Marching Band]]
* Arizona State University Art Museum
* Cady Fountain
* Charles Trumbull Hayden Library
* Danforth Meditation Chapel
* [[Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium]]
* [[Center for Meteorite Studies]]
* [[Decision Theater]]
{{col-break}}
* Life Sciences Center of Living Collections
* [[Mars Space Flight Facility]]
* Memorial Union
* Museum of Anthropology
* [[Old Main (Arizona State University)|Old Main]]
* Public Art at ASU
* R.S. Dietz Museum of Geology
* [[Tempe Butte]]
* [[Arizona State University at the West campus|West Campus]] — voted [[Phoenix Points of Pride|Phoenix Point of Pride]], 2008
{{col-end}}
 
== Criticism ==
On April 7, 2009 it was reported that the university would not award [[President of the United States|President]] [[Barack Obama]] an [[honorary degree]] at the commencement ceremony on May 13. "Because President Obama’s body of work is yet to come, it’s inappropriate to recognize him at this time, " University spokeswoman Sharon Keeler explained.<ref>[http://www.statepress.com/node/5763 — ASU Web Devil — Wednesday, April 8, 2009]</ref> The University was mocked and criticized for this decision, with many arguing that he had already made significant accomplishments as a U.S. senator and in the beginning of his Presidential term.{{Fact|date=June 2009}} On April 11, 2009, ASU responded to the criticism by announcing that it would honor Obama by renaming a major scholarship program the «President Barack Obama Scholars.»<ref>[http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/30169491/ — MSNBC April 11, 2009]</ref> ASU President Michael Crow explained in a statement that, «It has always been our intention to recognize and honor President Obama’s accomplishments during his visit, but we had not yet determined the best or most appropriate way to do so. Although the focus and attention of the media and others has been on an honorary degree, we never felt that was the only — or even the best — means of honoring his tremendous service to our country.»
 
== Notes ==
{{Cnote|a|Campus emrollment figures at ASU are defined by the number of students taking at least one course offered by a department housed on a particular campus. Students who are enrolled in classes on more than one campus (estimated to be 13,269) are counted within each campus's total.}}
{{reflist|2}}
 
== External linksСсылки ==
{{Commons|Arizona State University}}
* [http://www.asu.edu Official website]
* [http://thesundevils.cstv.com Official athletics website]
* [http://www.asu.edu/lib/archives/asustory/chrono.htm ASU Chronology]
 
{{ASU}}
{{Largest United States universities by enrollment}}
{{Largest United States universities by undergraduate enrollment}}
{{Universities Research Association}}
{{Pacific Ten Conference}}
{{Colleges and Universities in Arizona}}
 
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[[Категория:Arizona State University|Университеты США]]
[[Категория:Association of Public and Land-Grant UniversitiesАризона]]
[[Категория:Education in Phoenix, Arizona|State University]]
[[Категория:Educational institutions established in 1885]]
[[Категория:Pacific Ten Conference]]
[[Категория:Public universities in the United States]]
[[Категория:Sports in Phoenix, Arizona]]
[[Категория:Universities and colleges in Arizona]]
[[Категория:Cloud computing users]]
[[Категория:Consortium for North American Higher Education Collaboration]]
[[Категория:North Central Association of Colleges and Schools]]
 
[[de:Arizona State University]]