Гхатоткача: различия между версиями

2387 байт убрано ,  11 лет назад
нет описания правки
[отпатрулированная версия][отпатрулированная версия]
Нет описания правки
Нет описания правки
[[Файл:Gathotkaca-paraga.png|thumb|Гхатоткача в яванской [[ваянг]]е.]]
'''Гхатотка́ча''' ({{lang-sa|घटोत्कच}}) — герой древнеиндийскго эпоса «[[Махабхарата|Махабхараты]]», сын [[Бхима|Бхимы]] и [[Хидимби]] (сестры [[Хидимба|Хидимбы]]). По материнской линии, Гхатоткача был [[Ракшаса|ракшасой]] и соответственно обладал многими мистическими силами, что сделало его сильным воином в [[Битва на Курукшетре|Битве на Курукшетре]]. HeСвоё gotимя hisон nameполучил fromиз-за hisсвоей headголовы, whichкоторая wasбыла hairlessсовершенно andлысой shapedи likeимела aформу potгоршка (inна [[Sanskritсанскрит]]е, ''[[Ghatamгхатам]]'' means pot andозначает «Utkachгоршок», means hairless''уткач'' "— «безволосый»).<ref name="autogenerated1">http://members.cox.net/apamnapat/entities/Ghatotkacha.html</ref>
 
== MahabharataПримечания ==
 
Ghatotkacha, when he was young, lived with his mother Hidimbi, when one day he had a fight with [[Abhimanyu]], his cousin, without knowing that [[Abhimanyu]] was [[Arjuna]]'s son.<ref>[http://www.freeindia.org/biographies/greatpersonalities/veerabhimanyu/page4.htm «Bheemasena’s son!»<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
 
Ghatotkacha is considered to be a loyal and humble figure. He made himself and his followers available to his father Bhima at any time; all Bhima had to do was to think of him and he would appear. Like his father, Ghatotkacha primarily fought with the [[Mace (club)|mace]].
 
His wife was [[Ahilawati]] and his son was [[Barbarika]].
 
In the Mahābhārata, Ghatotkacha was summoned by Bhima to fight on the [[Pandava]] side in the Kurukshetra battle. Invoking his magical powers, he wrought great havoc in the [[Kaurava]] army. In particular after the death of [[Jayadratha]], when the battle continued on past sunset, his powers were at their most effective (at night).
 
[[Файл:Karna kills Ghatotkacha.jpg|thumb|Karna (left) kills Ghatotkacha (centre) as Arjuna (right) watches]]
At this point in the battle, the Kaurava leader [[Duryodhana]] appealed to his best fighter, [[Karna]], to kill Ghatotkacha as the whole Kaurava army was coming close to annihilation due to his ceaseless strikes from the air. Karna possessed a divine weapon, or ''shakti'', granted by the god [[Indra]]. It could be used only once, and Karna had been saving it to use on his arch-enemy, the best Pandava fighter, [[Arjuna]].
 
Unable to refuse Duryodhana, Karna used the [[Shakti]] against Ghatotkacha, killing him.<ref name="autogenerated1" /> This is considered to be the turning point of the war. After his death, the Pandava counselor [[Krishna]] smiled, as he considered the war to have been won for the Pandavas now that Karna no longer had a divine weapon to use in fighting Arjuna.
 
There is a temple built in [[Manali, Himachal Pradesh]] for Ghatotkacha near [[Hidimba Devi Temple]].
 
== In Other Literature ==
 
Ghatotkacha is the main character in Bhasa’s play, [[Madhyamavyayoga]]. This play depicts a scene outside the Mahabharata in which Ghatotkacha is sent by his mother to bring back a human for her to feast on, but he is hindered by the appearance of his father, Bhima.
 
== See also ==
[[Ghatothkach (2008 movie)|Ghatothkach]] — An animated Hindi movie based on Ghatotkacha’s life.
* [[Mayabazar]]
* [[Madhyamavyayoga]]
* [[Mahabharata]]
* [[Hanuman]]
* [[Bhima]]
* [[Hidimbi]]
* [[Hidimba]]
 
== References ==
{{примечания}}
 
== External linksСсылки ==
* [http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m07/m07171.htm Mahābhārata Book 7 Ghatotkacha-vadha Parva]
{{-}}