Англо-бирманские войны: различия между версиями

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Три англо-бирманские войны прошли в XIX веке и закончились полной оккупацией всей [[Мьянма|Бирмы]] [[Великобритания|англичанами]]:
 
* [[Первая англо-бирманская война]] ([[1823]] - [[1826]])
* [[Вторая англо-бирманская война]] ([[1852]] - [[1853]])
* [[Третья англо-бирманская война]] ([[1885]] - [[1887]])
 
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== Общий ход английской экспансии ==
<!-- The expansion of [[Myanmar]] had consequences along its frontiers. As those frontiers moved ever closer to British India, there were problems both with refugees and military operations spilling over ill-defined borders. In response to the continued expansion and even direct attacks by Myanmar, the British and the Siamese joined forces against it in 1824. The [[First Anglo-Burmese War]] (1824-1826) ended in a British victory, and by the [[Treaty of Yandaboo|Treaty of Yandabo]], Myanmar lost territory previously conquered in Assam, Manipur and Arakan. The British also took possession of Tenasserim with the intention to use it as a bargaining chip in future negotiations with either Myanmar or Siam. As the century wore on, the British in India began to covet the resources and main port of Myanmar during an era of great territorial expansion. In 1852, Commodore Lambert was despatched to Burma by [[James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie|Lord Dalhousie]] over a number of minor issues related to the previous treaty. The Burmese immediately made concessions including the removal of a governor whom the British had made their [[casus belli]]. Lambert eventually provoked a naval confrontation in extremely questionable circumstances and thus started the [[Second Anglo-Burmese War]] in 1852, which ended in the British annexation of Pegu province, renamed [[Lower Burma]]. The war resulted in a palace revolution in Myanmar, with King [[Pagan Min]] (1846-1852) being replaced by his half brother, [[Mindon Min of Burma|Mindon Min]] (1853-1878). King Mindon tried to modernise the Burmese state and economy to resist British encroachments, and he established a new capital at [[Mandalay]], which he proceeded to fortify. This was not enough to stop the British, however, who claimed that Mindon's son [[Thibaw Min]] (ruled 1878&ndash;85) was a tyrant intending to side with the French, that he had lost control of the country, thus allowing for disorder at the frontiers, and that he was reneging on a treaty signed by his father. The British declared war once again in 1885, conquering the remainder of the country in the [[Third Anglo-Burmese War]] resulting in total annexation of Myanmar.
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== См. также ==
* [[Бирманская операция]] ([[Вторая мировая война]])
 
== Ссылки ==
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