Физическое моделирование звука: различия между версиями

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[[Yamaha]] подписала контракт со [[Стенфордский университет|Стенфордским университетом]] в 1989<ref>Johnstone, B: ''Wave of the Future''. http://www.harmony-central.com/Computer/synth-history.html, 1993.</ref> для совместной разработки метода цифровых волноводов, и с тех пор большинство патентов в этой области принадлежат им.
 
Первым коммерчески доступным синтезатором с реализацией физического моделирования звука стал Yamaha VL1, выпущенный в 1994 году.<ref>Wood, S G: ''Objective Test Methods for Waveguide Audio Synthesis''. Masters Thesis - Brigham Young University, http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/ETD&CISOPTR=976&CISOBOX=1&REC=19, 2007.</ref>
 
В то время как эффективность синтеза методом цифровых волноводом сделала физическое моделирование доступным для обычного аппаратного обеспечения для обработки сигналов, реалистичная эмуляция физических инструментов зачастую требует использования нелинейных элементов. В этих случаях цифровые волноводы часто совмещают с [[Метод конечных разностей во временной области|методом конечных разностей во временной области]],<ref>The NESS project http://www.ness.music.ed.ac.uk</ref> finite element or wave digital filter methods, increasing the computational demands of the model.<ref>C. Webb and S. Bilbao, "On the limits of real-time physical modelling synthesis with a modular environment" http://www.physicalaudio.co.uk</ref>
 
== Технологии физического моделирования звука ==
 
''Примеры методов физического моделирования звука:''
* [[Формантный синтез]]
 
== Виртуальные инструменты ==
 
* Tension, Electric, Collision, Corpus – входят в состав Ableton Live Suite
* Ultrabeat, EVP88, EVB3, EVD6, Sculpture – входят в состав [[Logic Pro]]
* [[Native Instruments]] Reaktor
* [[Cycling '74]] * [[ChucK]] (ModalBar, Brass, Bowed, Flute, Mandolin, Sitar, Shakers и другие модули физической генерации звука)
* [[Cycling '74]] [[en:Max (software)|Max/MSP]]
* [[ChucK]] (ModalBar, Brass, Bowed, Flute, Mandolin, Sitar, Shakers и другие модули физической генерации звука)
* [[SuperCollider]]
* [[IRCAM]] Modalys
* [[Arturia]] [http://www.arturia.com/evolution/en/products/brass/ BRASS] – труба, тромбон и саксофон
* Keolab [http://www.spicyguitar.com Spicy Guitar] – акустические гитары
* Kong Drum Designer – в составе Propellerhead [[Reason (software)|Reason]] – барабаны
* Yamaha S-YXG100 + VL и S-YXG1000 + PolyVL (второй выпускался только в Японии). These were basically software-only equivalents to the hardware (and hardware-assisted software) MIDI synth capabilities of the DS-XG cards / YMF chipsets mentioned in the next section. The PolyVL had eight voice polyphony for the physical modelling, whereas the VL and all of the hardware Yamaha VL synths only had one voice, or two for the original VL-1. Like the DS-XG .VxD drivers required for VL support of the DX-XG chipsets, these would work only on pre-NT kernel versions of Windows (9# and ME), and not on NT, 2000, XP, etc. Yamaha quietly discontinued these years ago.
* [[Image-Line]] Sakura
* Madrona Labs Kaivo
 
== Аппаратные синтезаторы ==
* [[Korg OASYS]] and [[Korg Kronos]] – STR-1 Plucked string
* Korg OASYS PCI
Various Roland synth models (V-Synth, V-Combo, XV-5080, Fantom, etc.), use a technology called COSM ("Composite Object Sound Modeling") which uses physical modeling techniques to more accurately replicate guitars, brass and other instruments. COSM has been superseded by "SuperNatural", which is also based on physical modeling techniques. Introduced first in 2008 as part of the ARX expansion boards for Fantom hardware synthesizers, "SuperNatural" modeling is used in Roland's [[V-Drums]] (TD-30, TD-15, TD-11), V-Accordions (FR-7, FR-8) and various synth models (Jupiter 80, Integra 7, FA-08, JD-Xi, etc.)
 
== Ссылки ==
 
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== Примечания ==
<references/>
 
== Внешние ссылки ==
* [http://ccrma.stanford.edu/~jos/swgt/swgt.html Julius. O Smith III's ''A Basic Introduction to Digital Waveguide Synthesis'']
* [http://www.stanford.edu/dept/news/pr/94/940607Arc4222.html '' Music synthesis approaches sound quality of real instruments'' — Stanford University's 1994 news release]
* [http://www.audities.org/audities/collection/yamaha_vl1_1.html Audities Foundation Yamaha VL-1]
* [http://swsoft.nsu.ru/~iivanov/index.html SoundSynthesis project]
* [http://www.michaelschreiner.eu/violin_en.shtml Virtual Violin using finite elements by Christian Geiger und Michael Schreiner (including sound samples)]
* [http://www-acroe.imag.fr/mediatheque/sonotheque/sonotheque_en.html ACROE Physical modelling Sound Library]
* [http://www.electro-music.com/pm_tutorial Physical Modeling on the Nord Modular G2]
* [http://nusofting.liqihsynth.com NUSofting] - Innovative physical modelling VST/AU instruments for computer musicians
* [http://www.pianoid.com Pianoid] - Pianoid, a piano emulating synthesizer
* [http://www.soundonsound.com/sos/1995_articles/dec95/technicswsa1.html Acoustic Alchemy] - 1995 Review of Technics WSA1 hardware synthesizer.
* [http://www.soundonsound.com/sos/aug11/articles/roland-jupiter-80.htm Roland Jupiter-80] - 2011 Review of Roland Jupiter-80 hardware synthesizer.
* [http://www.soundonsound.com/sos/dec12/articles/roland-td30k.htm Roland TD-30] - 2012 Review of Roland TD-30 V-Drums module.
* [http://www.soundonsound.com/sos/feb13/articles/roland-integra-7.htm Roland Integra-7] - 2013 Review of Roland Integra-7 hardware rack module.
* [http://www.soundonsound.com/sos/aug14/articles/roland-fa08.htm Roland FA-08] - 2014 Review of Roland FA-08 hardware synthesizer.
* [http://www.soundonsound.com/news?NewsID=9758 Fantoms go SuperNatural] - 2008 Article about the introduction of Roland's "SuperNatural" physical modeling technology as part of ARX expansion boards for Fantom hardware synthesizers.
* [http://cms.rolandus.com/assets/media/pdf/jupiter-80_tech_brief.pdf SuperNATURAL and Behavior Modeling] - Tech Brief about "SuperNatural" modeling technology (illustrated via examples from Roland's Jupiter-80 hardware synth), taken from Rolandus.com.
* www.gersic.com:[http://www.gersic.com/dspwiki/index.php?title=Physical_Modeling_Synthesis Physical Modeling Synthesis]
* [http://www.pykett.org.uk/physmod.htm Physical Modelling in Digital Organs]
* [http://www.physicalaudio.co.uk Physical Audio] - Next generation physical modelling synthesis using time-stepping finite difference method. Realtime synthesis plugins.
 
{{Методы синтеза звука}}
 
[[CategoryКатегория:Sound synthesis types]]