Опознавательные знаки военной авиации США: различия между версиями

 
=== Эволюция опознавательного знака ===
 
{|class="wikitable"
!Знак
!Введён
!Комментарии
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|align="center"|[[File:US Roundel 1916.svg|100px]]||{{s|{{dts|1916|March|19|format=dmy}}}}||First national insignia of any type used by US military aircraft. Used by the [[Signal Corps (United States Army)|U.S. Army Signal Corps]]' [[1st Reconnaissance Squadron#Punitive expedition|1st Aero Squadron]], while on the [[Pancho Villa Expedition]].
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|style="background: silver" align="center"|[[File:US Roundel 1917-1918 (different proportions from 1919 version).svg|55px]]||{{dts|1917|May|17|format=dmy}}||Note larger center dot from later (1/3 diameter) and colors were ''Flag Red'' and ''Flag Blue'' as specified for the [[Flag of the United States|US Flag]] as ''Old Glory Red'', and ''Old Glory Blue''.
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|style="background: silver" align="center"|[[File:US Army Air Roundel.svg|55px]]||{{s|{{dts|1918|February|8|format=dmy}}}}||To avoid confusion with [[Luftstreitkräfte|German cross]], and for commonality with Allied airforces during [[World War I]], the US changed its roundel to the [[Imperial Russian Air Service|disused Russian design]]. Colors were to be based on US flag but availability resulted in considerable variation in hues.
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|style="background: silver" align="center"|[[File:USAAC Roundel 1919-1941.svg|55px]]||{{s|{{dts|1919|August|19|format=dmy}}}}||Center red circle now inscribed within a regular pentagon formed by inner points of star, making red smaller than first version. Colors were ''Flag Red'' and ''Flag Blue'' until late 20s when current colors of ''Insignia Red'' and ''Insignia Blue'' were specified
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|style="background: silver" align="center"|[[File:US roundel 1942-1943.svg|55px]]||{{dts|1942|May|6|format=dmy}}||Red removed to avoid confusion with Japanese [[Hinomaru]] roundel.
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|style="background: silver"|[[File:US Roundel 1943-1943 No Outline.svg|100px]]||{{dts|1943|June|28|format=dmy}}||Several units in the Pacific refused to paint the red outline but added white bars pending new orders for a blue outline.
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|style="background: silver"|[[File:US roundel 1943-1947.svg|100px]]||{{s|{{dts|1943|July|31|format=dmy}}}}||The red outline was replaced with a blue outline. On some US Navy aircraft in the Pacific the blue outline was lighter than the insignia blue.
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|style="background: silver"|[[File:US Roundel 1943-1947 Sea Blue BG.svg|100px]]||{{dts|1943|July|31|format=dmy}}||Insignia blue lacked contrast with the Sea Blue or Black used on some aircraft and the roundel blue was dispensed with. Initially applications (as on the [[Grumman F6F Hellcat|F6F]]) were made without orders however this was made official practice in January 1945.
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|style="background: silver"|[[File:Roundel of the USAF.svg|100px]]||{{s|{{dts|1947|January|14|format=dmy}}}}||Red bars were added to the roundel in reflection of 3 flag colors
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|style="background: silver"|[[File:US Roundel 1947-1955 Sea Blue BG.svg|100px]]||{{dts|1947|January|14|format=dmy}}||Sea Blue or Black aircraft
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|style="background: silver"|[[File:Roundel of the United States (variant).svg|100px]]||{{dts|1973}}||[[McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle|F-15]] Air superiority Compass Ghost Scheme with 1943 outline removed but with red and white bars retained
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|style="background: silver"|[[File:Roundel of the USAF (low vis).svg|100px]]||{{dts|1970}}-е||Low visibility marking (also seen in other colors, including with colored area broken into several colors to contrast with background camouflage pattern)
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|style="background: silver"|[[File:US Roundel F-117.svg|100px]]||{{dts|1980}}-е||Low visibility marking as used on the [[Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk|F-117]]
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|style="background: silver"|[[File:USAF low visibility roundel.svg|100px]]||{{dts|1980}}-е||Alternate low visibility markings used on some USAF aircraft
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== Примечания ==