Бойня у Радонича: различия между версиями

1222 байта добавлено ,  2 года назад
 
== Последствия ==
После срыва переговоров между Югославией и странами Западной Европы в замке Рамбуйе началась [[война НАТО против Югославии]]<ref name="bbc23mar99">{{cite news|title=Nato poised to strike|date=23 March 1999|publisher=[[BBC News]]|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/301900.stm}}</ref>. В течение 78 дней авиация НАТО совершала налёты на военные и гражданские объекты Югославии, и 11 июня 1999 года югославские войска покинули Косово. 17 февраля 2008 года была провозглашена независимость [[Республика Косово|Косова]], которую [[Международная реакция на провозглашение независимости Косова|признали не все страны мира]]<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7249034.stm Kosovo MPs proclaim independence], BBC, 2008-02-17</ref>.
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After talks between Yugoslavia and the West broke down at the Rambouillet peace accords,<ref name="bbc23mar99">{{cite news|title=Nato poised to strike|date=23 March 1999|publisher=[[BBC News]]|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/301900.stm}}</ref> [[NATO]] commenced a 78-day-long bombing campaign of Serbian military and infrastructure targets. Serb forces withdrew from Kosovo on 11 June 1999. [[Republic of Kosovo|Kosovo]] declared independence from [[Serbia]] on 17 February 2008. The declaration was met with mixed-responses from International Governments.<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7249034.stm Kosovo MPs proclaim independence], BBC, 2008-02-17</ref>
 
Международный трибунал по бывшей Югославии рассматривал обвинения в адрес трёх этнических албанцев в убийстве 30 человек, чьи тела были найдены в водохранилище Радонич. В ходе трёхлетнего судебного процесса Судебная палата получила доказательства гибели ещё минимум семи человек от рук АОК, чьи трупы также были сброшены в водохранилище<ref name="Trial Chamber Judgment"/>: жертвами были Зенун Гаши ({{lang-sq|Zenun Gashi}}), Нурие Красники ({{lang-sq|Nurije Krasniqi}}), Истреф Красники ({{lang-sq|Istref Krasniqi}}), Сание Балай ({{lang-sq|Sanije Balaj}}), а также мать и две сестры свидетелей №4 и №19<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Summary Judgment page 4 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>. Однако окончательно суд не смог предъявить обвинения в адрес АОК, предположив, что причиной убийств могли стать не только этнические чистки, но и обычный уголовный умысел, бытовые конфликты или традиции кровной мести, что было типичным для региона, где закон и порядок давно не действовал<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Judgment para 234-235 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Summary Judgment page 4 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>. Также суд отметил, что оказались неубедительными доказательства причастности АОК к гибели остальных лиц, и даже усомнился в существовании реальных подобных доказательств<ref>{{cite web| url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Judgment para 152 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>, снова списав всё на обычный уголовный умысел<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Judgment para 152 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>.
The 30 to 37 bodies discovered were widely viewed as victims of the KLA and they formed the basis of the ICTY indictment of three ethnic Albanians. The ICTY Trial Chamber assessed the evidence discovered at Lake Radonjić canal in detail over a three-year trial.<ref name="Trial Chamber Judgment"/> It found that seven of the bodies from the Lake Radonjić canal were proven to have been killed by the KLA.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Summary Judgment page 4 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref> These seven individuals were Zenun Gashi, Nurije Krasniqi, Istref Krasniqi, Sanije Balaj, and the mother and the two sisters of Witnesses 4 and 19.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Summary Judgment page 4 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>
 
OneОдин forensicиз expertкриминалистов thoughtполагал, thatчто someна ofследах theтел, bodiesнайденных foundу aroundводохранилища, theбыли canalследы showedтого, signsчто ofих havingпритащили been moved to that location.сюда<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.sense-agency.com/icty/prosecution-contests-findings-of-own-expert.29.html?cat_id=1&news_id=10518 |title=Prosecution contests findings of own expert | date= 19 September 2007 |publisher=sense tribunal |accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.icty.org/x/cases/haradinaj/trans/en/071003IT.htm |title= Public testimony of Dominique Lecomte transcript page 8783 |date=3 October 2007 |publisher=U.N. |accessdate=13 February 2013}}</ref>. TheАдвокаты defenceобвиняемых lawyersалбанцев atпредъявили theответные courtобвинения arguedв thatадрес thisюгославских wasспецслужб, evidenceкоторые thatякобы Serbianспециально securityсбросили forcesтела, hadчтобы “plantedсвалить manyвсю ofответственность theseна bodies near the canal in order to frame the KLA.”АОК<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.sense-agency.com/icty/how-did-the-bodies-get-to-radonjic-lake-canal.29.html?cat_id=1&news_id=10378 |title=How did the bodies get to Radonjic Lake? | date= 26 June 2007 |publisher=Sense Tribunal |accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>. SerbПо securityнекоторым forcesданным, hadагенты beenслужб caughtбезопасности movingи bodiesдо inэтого Kosovoвывозили before.трупы погибших гражданских с территории Косово<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.sense-agency.com/icty/who-directed-refrigerated-trucks-from-kosovo.29.html?cat_id=1&news_id=10745 |title=Who Directed Refrigerated Trucks from Kosovo? | date= 12 February 2008 |publisher=Sense Tribunal |accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>. TheПодобные Courtдоводы rejectedадвокатов thisсуд argument and found that these bodies had legitimately been killed in the area during six months of armed conflict.отверг<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Judgment para 150 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>.
With respect to the other individuals, the court noted that some of the other individuals were likely killed by the KLA but cautioned jumping to conclusions because it had received evidence that some individuals could have been killed to settle old personal scores, or as the result of ordinary criminal behavior, or to further [[blood feud]]s in a region where law and order had broken down.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Judgment para 234-235 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Summary Judgment page 4 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>
 
The Court found that the evidence for the rest of the bodies found at the canal was problematic, as the evidence as to whom the perpetrators were was often non-existent .<ref>{{cite web| url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Judgment para 152 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref> The pattern of crimes suggested haphazard criminal behavior rather than organised KLA involvement.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Judgment para 152 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>
 
One forensic expert thought that some of the bodies found around the canal showed signs of having been moved to that location.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.sense-agency.com/icty/prosecution-contests-findings-of-own-expert.29.html?cat_id=1&news_id=10518 |title=Prosecution contests findings of own expert | date= 19 September 2007 |publisher=sense tribunal |accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.icty.org/x/cases/haradinaj/trans/en/071003IT.htm |title= Public testimony of Dominique Lecomte transcript page 8783 |date=3 October 2007 |publisher=U.N. |accessdate=13 February 2013}}</ref> The defence lawyers at the court argued that this was evidence that Serbian security forces had “planted many of these bodies near the canal in order to frame the KLA.”<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.sense-agency.com/icty/how-did-the-bodies-get-to-radonjic-lake-canal.29.html?cat_id=1&news_id=10378 |title=How did the bodies get to Radonjic Lake? | date= 26 June 2007 |publisher=Sense Tribunal |accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref> Serb security forces had been caught moving bodies in Kosovo before.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.sense-agency.com/icty/who-directed-refrigerated-trucks-from-kosovo.29.html?cat_id=1&news_id=10745 |title=Who Directed Refrigerated Trucks from Kosovo? | date= 12 February 2008 |publisher=Sense Tribunal |accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref> The Court rejected this argument and found that these bodies had legitimately been killed in the area during six months of armed conflict.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Judgment para 150 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>
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== Примечания ==