Медаль Карла Тейлора Комптона за лидерство в физике (англ. Karl Taylor Compton Medal for Leadership in Physics) — медаль, вручаемая с 1957 года Американским институтом физики заслуженным физикам, сделавшим исключительный вклад в развитие физики, однако основанием для вручения медали должно быть не сами проведённые исследования, а исключительное участие в государственном регулировании физических исследований. Премия названа в честь Карла Тейлора Комптона. В настоящее время медаль вручается раз в четыре года. Лауреат получает 10 000 долларов США наличными.
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|Имя лауреата||Обоснование награды|
|1957||Джордж Пеграм[en]||In recognition of his statesmanship in the field of physics.|
|1960||Карл Дарроу[en]||For his dignified mastery of decorum and his warmth of personality which have made him a figure in American physics never to be forgotten by the countless numbers of his colleagues who have had the privilege of knowing him.|
|1964||Генри Бартон||In recognition of his eminent statesmanship in the organization of American physics and his service over a period of twenty-six years as the first Director of the American Institute of Physics.|
|1967||Алан Уотерман[en]||In recognition of his contributions to the science of physics and his leadership in the evolution of policy determining the growth and support of science in the United States.|
|1970||Фредерик Зейтц||For his many accomplishments, his keen perception, strong leadership, and devotion to the cause of science and society as a whole he has, indeed, earned distinction as a statesman of science.|
|1971||Ральф Сойер[en]||For his many accomplishments, his keen perception, strong leadership, and devotion to the cause of science and society as a whole he has, indeed, earned distinction as a statesman of science.|
|1974||Сэмюэл Гаудсмит||For fifty years of creative leadership in physics as a researcher, teacher, author, and editor.|
|1981||Мельба Филлипс[en]||In recognition of her distinguished service to physics|
|1985||Норман Рамзей||In recognition of his manifold contributions to the science of physics and his outstanding example of statesmanship and leadership of major institutions of physics for over four decades.|
|1992||Виктор Вайскопф||In recognition of his leadership throughout the world in advancing science, in promoting peace, and seeking solutions to world problems.|
|2000||Милдред Дресселгауз||In recognition of her outstanding contributions to condensed matter physics, and to the science and engineering community through dedicated and effective service in numerous leadership positions.|
|2004||Леон Ледерман||In recognition of his inspirational leadership in the teaching of physics.|
|2008||Нил Лейн||In recognition of his leadership and service to the physics community and to science; for serving as a model "civic scientist"; for his advocacy of public understanding of science and technology; and for his championship of scientific research and education.|
|2012||Robert J. Birgeneau[en]||For his leadership in improving the situation for women in science in the United States and around the world, his efforts to enhance diversity in science, and for deepening our understanding of magnetism and its interplay with other states of matter.|
|2016||Хелен Квинн||For her leadership in promoting K-12 education and outreach, including the development of standards and approaches to science education that have had an enormous influence at the local, state, national and international levels, and for her broad and deep contributions to the advancement of theoretical particle physics.|
|2020||Пол Гинспарг||For his paradigm-changing contributions to physics information sharing by inventing, developing and managing the arXiv system for electronic distribution of pre-publication (or preprint) papers. This system provides equitable world-wide access to the forefront of physics research activity, both pre- and post-publication in refereed journal, and has since been emulated by a number of other scientific fields.|